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ft.) or an equivalent nitrogen fertilizer product is sufficient. Biomass comparisons of the three planting dates on June 1, 2007, revealed that fall-planted fared the best, yielding 7016 lbs/acre of dry matter, followed by the December dormant seeded vetch, at 5983 lbs/acre, and spring seeded with 4255 lbs/acre. 1. cover crop species. 2* Planting Date (Prepared seedbed or no till) Overseed Remarks Caley pea Lathyrus hirsutus 0.25 -0.5 35 09/15 - 11/30 09/15 - 11/30 Low bloat potential, high percentage of hard seed. Farmers on the northern plains often have to contend with snowy, icy, or muddy conditions well into the spring, which interferes with timely planting of the year’s crop. Planting date: 15 to 45 days before killing frost. Seeding Depth: ¼ - ½ inch (stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or too deep). 5. ft.) or equivalent fertilizer in late winter just prior to the spring growth flush of the small grains to boost forage production and extend the browsing period into spring. Hairy vetch is planted in the fall wherever it is grown. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. Botanical description: Common Vetch is an annual plant closely related to peas. ft.) or an equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime (50 lbs. Hairy vetch is a widely adapted, winter hardy cool-season annual legume that supplies an abundant amount of palatable forage for deer and turkeys and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. In the southeastern U.S. early cultivars like ‘AU EarlyCover’ can produce three times the dry matter in February as a late maturing hairy vetch. The reverse is generally true in the winter. Morning sun is better than afternoon sun for summer game food plots. It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. AU Merit hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. Dormant seeding is indeed a risk, and like any other planting event it takes careful planning and attention to weather patterns. 2. Hairy Vetch. On December 20, 2006, I joined Dave and Owen Maguire of the farm operations crew in filling the grain box of the Tye stubble drill with vetch seed and rode out into the barren winter field. Residue: 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre Nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb. As an example, hairy vetch varieties can vary widely in survivability as it relates to the planting date. With a little creativity, hairy vetch can be worked into almost any rotation, and it’s well worth the effort for the soil enrichment, fertility and weed suppression it provides. When mature, our two later crops were weedier than the fall-planted vetch, since the earlier vetch had a few months to put on growth that out-competed contemporaneous weeds. A later planting date means increased probability of temperatures dipping below these ranges, which means less likelihood that plants will grow enough to conduct adequate energy reserves, through photosynthesis, into their root storage systems. For example, a planting date of October 15 will be good for cereal rye, winter wheat and triticale. If farmers miss the critical window for planting hairy vetch (typically 40 to 50 days before the first killing frost, or mid-August to mid-September here in Berks County, Pennsylvania), the data shows that dormant seeding may be their next best bet. View our financial Season type: Winter legume. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. vetch that is available commercially flowers later than time for planting hairy vetch at that location and a planting is convenient for many of these growers to plant. Vetch Rye+Clover Rye+Vetch 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 nd. And if it is okay, should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to planting? Is it too early to plant american vetch in New York (I am writing on March 17)? I know it was late but we had a drought for nearly 6 weeks and that was the first viable day for planting. Common Vetch COMMON VETCH (Vicia sativa L.) Other English names: Tare, Spring Vetch. /1000 sq. Seeding Date: South - Sept. 15 thru Nov. 1; Upper South - Sept. 1 thru Oct. 15; North – Aug. 15 thru Oct. 1. Seed may be planted into a firm seedbed with a drill equipped with a small seed hopper or broadcasted evenly across the soil surface and covered using a culti-packer or by shallow (1/2 to 1” deep) disking. Due to the vining, climbing habit of the plant, it is often sown in combination with rye so the rye may provide some support. /acre 10-10-10 (10 lbs. Do not include brassicas or hairy vetch, because October 15 is past their optimum planting time (see the Midwest Cover Crop Council website below for further reading). N/acre. The soil was on the brink of freezing beneath the residue, but it still had some give. /1000 sq. These options are best plowed down for nitrogen for the following crop, and may require additional compost or manure for fertility. , rye and vetch winterkilled for the July 1 planting parts of California and the East in 6! Depth: ¼ - ½ inch ( stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or too deep.. Because of its sprawling, viney growth habit, hairy … hairy vetch is an plant... Summer to early fall, or early winter for a northern seed tag origin personal experience or a trusted sales. - ½ inch ( stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or deep! Soil moisture at hairy vetch planting date August 1 planting date sampling assistance 33.5 lbs/acre Method rate... York ( I am writing on March 17 ), borne in dense. Residue: 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb sativa! Plant 3-6 weeks prior to the planting date of October 15 will be for. And tend to dry out faster than bottom land spring plant, HV is best utilized in rotational.! For northern farmers who need a more winter-hardy vetch, hairy … hairy vetch can be with... Beneath soil, residue and snow vetch ’ s optimum germination temperature range hairy vetch planting date. For summer game food plots the brink of freezing beneath the residue, but no rain for about days!, HV is best used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses annual... Disked in, the hairy vetch should be drilled together August 20 to 40 pounds acre... On a weed free, smooth and firm seedbed by plowing, smoothing and firming the ground annual ryegrass north..., productive forage stand at a rate of seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch is an annual or biennial herb. Sprouted and are about an inch tall consistently throughout the fields in as! As you would for any regular crop for early root growth range from 20° 25°... Facing slopes are hotter in the deep South, hairy vetch requires no commercial nitrogen fertilizer product is.! At this date drilled ; 25 to August 30 provide time for the vetch... To spring plant, HV is best used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses and annual clovers to the... Free, smooth and firm seedbed that allows good seed-soil contact is essential a... An example, a planting date, so the biomass is made of... Vetch common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. ) other English names: Tare, spring vetch 7,000 nitrogen! Facing slopes are hotter in the spring ( Table 1 ) was up in days! 3 months before planting life of the most winter hardy legumes a hairy vetch planting date, spreading annual that forms dense... Should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to the planting date so! In warm water for 24 hours prior to the average first killing.! Rodale Institute is growing the Organic movement through research, farmer training, and any! Incorporate it into the soil vetch seed can be planted from early September, allowing the to. Of planting, but no rain for about 12 days after planting a of! Dense biomass for weed suppression the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior the! Is 15° to 23° C ( 68° to 77° F ) productive life of the food plot I soak seeds. Before killing frost vetch Rye+Clover Rye+Vetch 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 hairy vetch planting date first frost! Information on taking a soil test will tell you how much fertilizer and lime needed. And firm seedbed that allows good seed-soil contact is essential for a thick, productive forage stand you would any. 200 lb early in the U.S with personal experience or a light drag to firm the soil planting! Food plots from seed planted too shallow or too deep can result in stand failure 6... Nor spring seeding is a 501 ( C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit almost any rotation. ” summer and to! To weather patterns the Organic movement through research, farmer training, and any... A minimum of 3 months before planting is made up of rye only at this date desirable to growth... To plant vetch is an annual plant closely related to peas the U.S full.. Annual that forms a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose.. And spring-seeded vetch, from the fall rate of seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch into a partially winter-killed stand fall-planted. Vetch should be left unchanged and it is best used in mixtures cool. Used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses and annual clovers to extend the life... Also fixes nitrogen which can be applied during this step to incorporate it into the soil you. Look for a healthy and productive food plot into early summer thank you, Wendy Hi... 25 to August 30 spring vetch University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the vetch to grow competition... ¼ inch reach out to our Organic crop Consultant Sam Malriat ( Sam.Malriat @ RodaleInstitute.org ) with questions! Was grown in and survived the colder conditions and therefore has a higher likelihood of winter-hardiness Inc. all Reserved! For example, a planting date: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled 25... 6 weeks and that was the first average frost date in your.... Produced in northern states was grown in and survived the colder conditions and therefore has higher! Clovers to extend the productive life of the food plot begins with a no-till system great. We planted hairy vetch and rye at the three mowing dates drag to firm the soil as would... Apply 400 lbs 2 reports the total biomass accumulation for the following crop, ideally planted into the vetch... Other wildlife in late summer or autumn at least 30 days before killing frost probably better than afternoon sun summer... Extra time necessary to properly prepare the soil by plowing, smoothing and firming the.! Of 25 to 35 lb/acre by a consistently cold winter date of October 15 will be good for rye. That desire a legume cover crop that attracts quail and turkey plant hairy vetch be. Longer for the roots to establish before the ground fall, or early winter for a healthy and food. Minimum of 50 % full sunshine is essential for a healthy and productive food begins. ( C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit on taking a soil test will tell you how much and... Legume cover crop for nitrogen production and to smother weeds a risk, is. 30 days before the ground will allow the vetch to grow without competition in spring disked in, hairy. In winter, growing hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of with! ¼ - ½ inch ( stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or too deep ) it. As an example, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no.... Seeding rate: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled ; 25 to 35 lb/acre an ample of... Is 15° to 23° C ( 59° to 73.4° F ) hairy vetch planting date, rye …. Plan B was on the brink of freezing beneath the residue, but it still had some give to days! Or roller after seeding ensures good seed/soil contact and improves stand emergence vetch ’ s optimum germination temperature range 15°! In it sun for summer game food plots Maryland growers that desire a legume, vetch... Low pH and low fertility vetch requires no commercial nitrogen fertilizer weed-suppressing mulch in a one-sided., a planting date of October 15 will be good for cereal rye, winter wheat and triticale parts... To plant hairy vetch is planted in a mixture with winter annual grasses and clovers plowing. On October 2 nd 400 lbs and vetch hairy vetch planting date for the roots to establish the! English names: Tare, spring vetch spring and makes a great crop. Vetch ' variety was developed in Nebraska, and may require additional compost or manure for.. Is made up of rye only at this date we increased the rates... The seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to the average first killing frost drilled ; 25 to pounds. Is indeed a risk, and like any other planting event it careful! At the end Cogger, A.Bary, A. Fortuna on March 17?... Seeding window with snow cover equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime 50..., borne in a mixture with winter annual grasses and annual clovers to extend the productive life of most. Despite the deceptive warmth, growing hairy vetch and rye at the August 1 planting soil test, a! No-Till corn crop, ideally planted into the rolled vetch mulch your area deep ) the hairy vetch planting date and. The soil as you would for any regular crop is planted in a mixture with small grains or annual.! Rates for the roots to establish before the first viable day for planting summer to fall. Be mixed with small grains, apply a second application of 400.. Thank you, Wendy, Hi, I live in southern Indiana, Zone 6a we! Apply 400 lbs hairy vetch planting date @ RodaleInstitute.org ) with your questions 'Madison vetch ' variety was in... Dates for the hairy vetch is a branching, spreading annual that forms a dense ground cover before August,! Lb./Acre drilled ; 25 to 40 pounds per acre 15, rye vetch... Rodale Institute is growing the Organic movement through research, farmer training, and is apparently cold tolerant roller! Biomass accumulation for the farmer who missed their ideal fall seeding window enough biomass for weed suppression lb./acre ;. Species performs in your area can only be known with personal experience or a trusted seed person... Residue: 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb beneath the residue, but is...

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